Archive for June, 2008

Among the groups of five are qualities are recommended for a satifying and harmonious life. These qualities are also sometimes taken as the virtues that make a Panch or a respected person. The fifth Guru’s prescription for a successful life is: ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਮਾਇਆ ਮਦ ਮਤਸਰ ਏ ਖੇਲਤ ਸਭਿ ਜੂਐ ਹਾਰੇ ॥ ਸਤੁ ਸੰਤੋਖੁ ਦਇਆ […]

There are a large number of concepts in groups of five used in Gurbani. For these the word ਪੰਚ (Panch), or ਪੰਜ (Panj) both meaning five has been used. Panch also means a respected person and we start with this concept. In South Asia the word Panch is used for member of a village council […]

The Numeral 4 represents a nunber of phenomena that occur in fours. Many of them are of common use but some of them refer to concepts in various religions. They have all been taken note of in Gurbani. These are briefly discussed below. 1. We however start with the word ਚਾਰ (Chaar), which stands for […]

Numeral 3- The Trinities The numeral 3 represents a number of entities or qualities that occur in groups of three. Some of them are complementary within the same group while others coexist. The two well known trinities are those in Hinduism and Christianity. Eight groups of three are briefly discussed below. 1. The Christians consider […]


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