Category: Philosophical Concepts

Vahiguru, Vaahguru   The expression Vahiguru is widely used by the Sikhs and others in referring to Akal Purakh, the Eternal Almighty. Its use in Fateh as Vahiguru Ji Ka Khalsa; Vahiguru Ji Ki Fateh as well as in the Sikh Ardas or supplication is well known. However there is also a view that the […]

Ghosts and Evil Spirits Stories about ghosts, evil spirits or haunted houses form part of some beliefs. According to these beliefs a ghost is the manifestation of a dead person or of being frightened by something unusual.  An evil spirit may be wandering any where including entering the bodies of some people. Haunted houses create […]

Does Gurbani Prohibit Eating Meat? Different people have different views on whether consumption of meat by a Sikh is allowed. Some feel it is prohibited while others feel there is no prohibition. Let us make an effort to understand what Gurbani says. Those who think meat is not to be taken by a Sikh quote […]

Guru Arjun’s Martyrdom – Trendsetter for Fearlessness. Whenever someone talks of the fifth Guru, Guru Arjun’s martyrdom it is mostly talked of in terms of Tera keeaa meetthaa laagai – O Almighty Your will is sweet for me, i.e. I happily accept it. But this line means that the Sikh or for that matter any […]

Laavaan – The Sikh wedding Ceremony   Human birth is an opportunity for the soul to unite with the Creator. In the Sikh faith, the process of this union is taken as the model for conjugal union between the spouses. In spiritual union, the soul looks forward to finding the Almighty within. In this one […]

ਸਰਬੇ ਏਕੁ ਅਨੇਕੈ ਸੁਆਮੀ ਸਭ ਘਟ ਭੋੁਗਵੈ ਸੋਈ॥ ਕਹਿ ਰਵਿਦਾਸ ਹਾਥ ਪੈ ਨੇਰੈ ਸਹਜੇ ਹੋਇ ਸੁ ਹੋਈ॥੪॥੧॥ ਭਗਤ ਰਵਿਦਾਸ ੬੫੮ The Master is at once One and many, enjoying IT’s creation being in every body; He is nearer than our hands and feet, making things to happen effortlessly (SGGS 658). This verse of Bhagat Ravidas […]

ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਸੋਇ ਜਿਸ ਕਾ ਸਭੁ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਸਰਬ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰਿ ਸਚਾ ਸਚੁ ਸੋਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਅ(ਆਸਾ ਮ: ੫, ਪੰ: ੩੯੮). My God is One who belongs to all; God is eternal and all pervasive. Pause. (M: 5, p 398). The above verse from the Sikh scripture Sri Guru Granth Sahib emphasizes the […]

ਤੂੰ ਵਰਨਾ ਚਿਹਨਾ ਬਾਹਰਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਦਿਸਹਿ ਹਾਜਰੁ ਜਾਹਰਾ ॥ ਸੁਣਿ ਸੁਣਿ ਤੁਝੈ ਧਿਆਇਦੇ ਤੇਰੇ ਭਗਤ ਰਤੇ ਗੁਣਤਾਸੁ ਜੀਉ ॥੨੦॥ O Lord, You have no color or features; but Your presence is felt all over; the devotees, hearing and dwelling on Your virtues, are imbued with them (SGGS, p 74). ਤ੍ਵ ਸਰਬ ਨਾਮ ਕਥੈ ਕਵਨ […]

Faith and discernment or reasoning are two valuable virtues. However if they are treated in two exclusive compartments they can become pitfalls. For example faith alone may lead to the belief that one’s religion is the only one or the best. This is used by some as the basis to criticize or even slander other […]

Note: This study is based on Gurbani or Guru’s Word as contained in Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) and all pages in parentheses are thereof. The original in Gurbmukhi also shows the author e.g. the numeral ੫ means the Fifth Guru. Karma is the phenomenon of cause and effect. Karma literally means ‘deeds’ and covers […]

Japji is the first composition in the Sikh Holy Scripture, Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) whose contents are referred to as Gurbani meaning the Guru’s word. One themethat runs throughout is Divine grace. Japji is a composition of a prologue, 38 Pauris (stanzas) and a Slok (epilogue). Guru Nanak says in Pauri 6:ਜੇਤੀ ਸਿਰਠਿ ਉਪਾਈ […]

Maaia is an all encompassing phenomenon in the mortal world. The third Guru defines Maaia thus: ਮਾਇਆ ਕਿਸ ਨੋ ਆਖੀਐ ਕਿਆ ਮਾਇਆ ਕਰਮ ਕਮਾਇ ॥ ਦੁਖਿ ਸੁਖਿ ਏਹੁ ਜੀਉ ਬਧੁ ਹੈ ਹਉਮੈ ਕਰਮ ਕਮਾਇ ॥ ਬਿਨੁ ਸਬਦੈ ਭਰਮੁ ਨ ਚੂਕਈ ਨਾ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਹਉਮੈ ਜਾਇ ॥੬॥ What is Maya and how do we act under its […]

Naam is fundamental to the Sikh faith. It has been used in Sri Guru Granth Sahib or Gurbani innumerable times The scripture uses it in the beginning of Mool Mantar as Sat Naam and in the last Tuk “Nanak naam mile ta jiva tann mann theevai haria” before Ragmala. So SGGS starts and ends with […]

  Advancement of science and education in the last five or six centuries threw up many scientific theories which could be verified but the Church would have none of those as they are not verifiable from Biblical texts. A striking example of this was Copernicus (1473 -1543) formulating the theory that the sun and not […]

Gurbani, the guru’s word as contained in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy scripture is meant for the learned and the common folks alike. Keeping in view the latter it makes extensive use of allegories and metaphors to convey the spiritual message. They are in the form of using physical/natural phenomena and drawing parallels […]

Introduction. Cosmology is the study of the origin of the universe, its structure, and the laws governing it. This study has been carried out in two fields – religious and scientific, the latter as part of astrophysics. Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that deals with physical properties of the universe, how it came into […]

Some people feel that Gurbani contains seemingly contradictory references on the subject of Jap and Tap i.e. remembrance and penance. However if we see the context in which they are used it becomes clear that there is no contradiction. Let us first see what these terms mean. In the Hindu practices Jap is taken as […]

Human birth is supreme amongst all life forms as it provides an opportunity for the soul to end its journey of births and deaths and merge in God. For this the humans must realize what they are here for and conduct their life accordingly. This is taught by the scriptures which are Sri Guru Granth […]

Gurbani on Names of God and Hindu gods   Gurbani or the Guru’s word as contained in Sri Guru Granth Sahib says God has no name but still innumerable names. Gurbani contains the Gurus’ discourses which they sang and explained to their audiences. The compositions of various saints selected by the gurus for inclusion in […]

It is common experience that whenever some one is talking ill of another every one listens with attention. Criticism of others seems to add spice to conversations. The criticism may or may not be based on truth.In most cases slander of another is manifestation of the slanderer’s own faults and mindset, says the fifth Guru: […]


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